World Diabetes Day is November 14.
The theme for this year’s World Diabetes Day is, “Eyes on Diabetes.” The blue circle is the symbol used for diabetes awareness. The circle stands for unity. Today will focus on promoting the importance of screening to ensure early diagnosis of diabetes and treatment to reduce the risk of serious complications. Diabetes can lead to eye disease and even blindness. There are 2 types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. We here about type 2 more often than type 1. Type 1 diabetes is often called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes. Unlike type 2 diabetes, type 1 cannot be prevented. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that approximately 415 million adults have diabetes. Of that 415 million people, less than 10% of those cases are type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by lifestyle changes. Type 2 is often called adult-onset of non-insulin-dependent diabetes. The International Diabetes Federation believes that up to 70% of type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented or delayed by nutrition and physical activity. Poor nutrition and physical inactivity are two health aspects we can change to reduce our risk of this serious disease. 1 in 2 adults with diabetes is undiagnosed. Many people live with type 2 diabetes for a long time without being aware of their condition. By the time of diagnosis, diabetes complications may already be present. The greatest number of people with diabetes are between 40 and 59 years of age. Diabetes causes at least 5 million deaths a year.